Militias, Rebels, and Islamist Militants: Human Security and State Crises in Africa

By Institute for Security Studies
Updated: 02/28/2011

Al_ShabaabEdited by Wafula Okumu and Augustine Ikelegbe. Institute for Security Studies, 2010.

Armed nonstate groups able to cultivate disillusionment with existing regimes and successfully evade defense forces increasingly dominate the threat landscape across Africa. Such groups in Nigeria, Sudan, Angola, and elsewhere indicate a need for better policies to reverse emergent violent youth cultures, monitor transborder areas, and population-centric security and governance strategies.

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