By Eboe Hutchful, African Security Sector Network. 2009.
A failure to adequately define and clarify security sector reform provisions in peace agreements has often allowed spoilers to undermine subsequent reforms and institutionalized dysfunctional and abusive security and justice systems. Along with a range of other adjustments to peace agreement approaches, Africa’s Regional Economic Communities should create security sector reform frameworks that can be integrated into their frequent conflict and crisis response efforts.
By Lauren Hutton, Institute for Security Studies. 2010.
Positive security sector transformations realized in the 1990s and early 2000s in Southern Africa have recently been undermined by politicization of the security services, suspected coup plots, and other unconstitutional actions in several countries. Consolidating past improvements will require better knowledge of and access to the security services among civil society actors and resources for security sub-sectors such as policing, corrections, and post-conflict restructuring.
By Peter Middlebrook and Gordon Peake, Center on International Cooperation Political Economy Research Institute. 2008.
Security sector reform requires more than just training and equipping a professional and well-structured military. Management, monitoring, and other administrative mechanisms are also key to constructing an efficient and responsible security service. Priority features of this reform entail fiscal, long-term, and regular assessment strategies as well as better donor coordination.
By Alan Bryden, Boubacar N’Diaye and ’Funmi Olonisakin, eds. LIT Verlag. 2008.
Efforts to reform the security services in West Africa face civil-military mistrust, vaguely defined missions, and misaligned structures, among other obstacles. This compendium assesses the configuration, operational efficiency, and civil oversight of the security sector in 16 West African countries finding noteworthy reforms and priorities for improvement.
By Laurie Nathan, Department for International Development and the CRISIS States Research Centre. 2007.
Reform processes often fall short when those undertaking them lack a sense of ownership and investment. Experiences from Ethiopia, Sierra Leone, South Africa, and elsewhere reveal how donors can better assist security sector reformers to overcome political and organizational struggles and make SSR a national priority, enact necessary legislative provisions, and execute appropriate programs and projects.
Leadership and the Challenges of Command: The Ghana Military Experience
By Daniel Kwadjo Frimpong, Afram Publications (Ghana) Limited. 2003.
Frimpong proposes ways to improve civil-military relations in Ghana, with implications for the general subject.
Towards a Code of Conduct for Armed and Security Forces in Africa
By Adedeji Ebo, Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces. 2005.
The author looks at the problems hindering the adoption and development of a normative, continent-wide code of conduct for African militaries, namely a “crisis of ownership” and a culture in the armed and security forces that is not more developmental and humanitarian.