Media Review for November 9, 2010

By Africa Center Media Review
Updated: 11/09/2010

Please note: The following news items are presented here for informational purposes. The views expressed within them are those of the authors and/or individuals quoted, not those of the Africa Center for Strategic Studies, the National Defense University, or the Department of Defense.

Today’s News

Nigeria: Nationalities of oil hostages released
The seven hostages seized by gunmen during an attack on an oil rig operating off Nigeria’s restive southern delta include workers from the United States, Canada, France and Indonesia, a company official said Tuesday. AP

US officials ban cargo aircraft from Somalia and Yemen
The US has extended an air cargo ban to cover Somalia as well as Yemen and banned ink and toner cartridges from passenger flights, in the wake of last month’s failed bomb plot. BBC

Federal judges in Norfolk wrestle over definition of piracy
For the first time since the 19th century, piracy suspects will go on trial in a federal court in a case that legal experts see as precedent-setting. Already there are conflicting rulings in the cases against two groups of Somali nationals charged with attacking Navy ships off the Horn of Africa earlier this year. The Virginia Pilot

Guantanamo suspect guilty of mass murder: prosecutor
The first suspect transferred from the Guantanamo military prison to face U.S. civilian trial was described on Monday by a federal prosecutor as a mass murderer with “the blood of hundreds on his hands.” Ahmed Khalfan Ghailani, 36, a Tanzanian from Zanzibar, is accused of conspiring in the 1998 al Qaeda car bomb attacks on U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania that killed 224 people. Reuters

US, India to help African food security: Obama
President Barack Obama on Monday announced a U.S.-Indian partnership to promote food security in Africa, harnessing technology to battle starvation in a part of the world where China has boosted its presence. Reuters

Toll rises to six in deadly W.Sahara clashes
Moroccan authorities announced Tuesday one more death following clashes between police and refugees in the Western Sahara, bringing the overall toll to seven. AFP

W. Sahara-Morocco peace talks start despite raid
A Moroccan security force raid on a Western Sahara refugee camp set up an angry start to UN-brokered peace talks between Moroccan and rebel representatives near New York. AFP

Bozize to run for re-election in Central African Republic
President Francois Bozize will run for re-election in the Central African Republic in January but opposition figures were missing from the official candidates list released Tuesday. AFP

Ecowas court orders Niger junta to free Mamadou Tandja
A West African regional court has ordered Niger’s junta to release President Mamadou Tandja, who they deposed in February, from house arrest.Delivering a judgement in the Nigerian capital, Abuja, the Ecowas court said Mr Tandja’s detention was illegal. BBC

Sudan Ruling Party Official Rejects Washington Meddling in Referendum
A leading member of Sudan’s governing National Congress Party (NCP) has rejected U.S. Senator John Kerry’s proposal saying his party will not accept any suggestions that the disputed, oil-rich Abyei should be part of the semi-autonomous south Sudan. VOA

Drawing the line on citizenship in Sudan, (audio)
Most people believe southerners will vote to form a new country if they get a fair vote. That could create huge problems in terms of who becomes a citizen of the new country, and on what terms. BBC

UN report “revisionist” on Rwanda genocide
A recent UN report looking into Rwandan war crimes in Congo Kinshasa (DRC) legitimises a “double genocide theory”, confusing victims and perpetuators to the Rwandan genocide, according to Fulvio Beltrami in Kampala. Afrol

Terrorism: the threat shifts to Yemen – and Africa
The Saudis tipped Britain off about last week’s bomb – but as new dangers emerge, Britain needs to cultivate new friends. The Guardian

Libya power struggle results in arrest of journalists
Signs of a bitter power struggle have emerged in Libya with the arrest of at least 20 journalists employed by a media organisation controlled by Muammar Gaddafi’s reform-minded son, Saif al-Islam. Two websites run by Libyan exile groups in London have also been subject to extensive hacking in recent days. The Guardian

New Code of Conduct for International Security Firms
Some of the world’s best known private security firms are pledging to respect human rights in war zones. Nearly 60 companies – including U.S.-based Xe Services and Britain’s G4S – signed a voluntary code of conduct Tuesday in Geneva at a ceremony attended by U.S., British and Swiss officials. VOA

Violence born in apartheid
A long-awaited report on the violent nature of crime in South Africa has found that the country’s history of colonialisation and apartheid created a culture where people see resorting to force as normal. Times Live

Tanzania electoral commissions under fire over handling of poll
Controversy over the two Tanzanian electoral commissions and alleged Special Branch involvement on the side of the ruling party in the just ended general election, deepened last week with international observers and local political parties calling for a review of the commissions. The East African

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