Are Africa’s Wars Part of a Fourth Generation of Warfare?

By Contemporary Security Policy
Updated: 03/29/2010


By Paul Jackson. Contemporary Security Policy, 2007.

Fourth Generation Warfare (4GW) – models of asymmetric warfare that emphasize culture, politics, economics, non-state actors, and targeting of civilians – has a growing applicability for understanding Africa’s complex conflicts. In particular, 4GW frameworks underscore the need for comprehensive, as opposed to purely military, solutions to conflict on the continent.  Download the Article: [PDF]